If there’s one thing that must be present in the Brazilian tourism is its people, always joyful and welcoming. But have you ever thought about what the Brazilian ancestors were like? The archeological sites across the country reveal a bit about this history and intrigue us with rupestrian paintings and artifacts, evidence of the country’s first residents.
The sites are mostly surrounded by exuberant nature, full of rivers, waterfalls and hiking trails, turning the tour into a spectacular experience.
Get your camera ready and go see some of them:
In her excavations, the Brazilian archeologist Niède Guidon was responsible for finding traces of primitive stoves and knapped stone utensils in Piaui. In addition to presenting new discoveries about the habitation of the first humans in the Americas, Guidon also founded the Serra da Capivara National Park.
The trip already starts in the area with the highest concentration of currently known archeological sites in the Americas. There are more than one thousand sites with rupestrian paintings and artifacts, 173 of them open to visitors, in which men’s presence dates back to 60 thousand years ago. All of this significance has granted the Park the title of World Heritage by UNESCO.
But don’t be mistaken – tourism in the Park is not just about the archeological sites. The landscape offers cliffs, canyons, grottos, caves and underground lakes, inviting you to explore the majestic Brazilian nature in this atmosphere of magic and mystery.
It is also worth visiting other important archeological sites and anthropology museums around the Brazilian Northeast.
2 - Inga Stone, in Paraiba
Located close to the city of Campina Grande, the site presents an enormous stone block where drawings sculped in low relief with a precise technique arouse the imagination of observers. The drawings resemble human and animal figures, water movement and, with a lot of creativity, even rockets.
There is also the Natural History Museum in the archeological complex, which exhibits fossils of animals extinct for over 10 thousand years.
With the goal of evangelizing the native Brazilians living north of Rio de la Plata basin, the Jesuits established 7 villages called Reductions, which are known as Sete Povos das Missões (the Seven Peoples of the Reductions). Since the wars that came afterwards and the eventual expulsion of the Jesuits, only the archeological ruins have remained and are, today, beautiful representations of the Jesuit reductions in Brazil and an important record of human history. In addition, the Sao Miguel Arcanjo Archeological Site is also deemed a World Heritage site by UNESCO.
Sightseeing tours in the sites also include watching sound and light shows, going through dirt roads, meeting native Brazilians, buying handcrafts and enjoying the cuisine and culture of Rio Grande do Sul.
4 - Parque Arqueologico do Solsticio (Solstice Archeological Park), in Amapa
In the park, besides the rupestrian paintings, you can also see a monument of rocks that is believed to have been an astronomy observatory and ritual site for people who lived in Amapa from 500 to 2,000 years ago. The monument is formed by 127 rocks organized in a circle and it contains a megalithic stone circle. You can get to the Park from the capital city Macapa.
5 - Catimbau National Park, in Pernambuco
This is the second largest archeological site in Brazil. In its 30 sites you’ll find paintings, prehistoric artifacts and 28 cemetery-caves among the more than 2 thousand caves in the park. To get to the site you should go from Recife to Caruaru, and from there to Vila do Catimbau.
6 - Pedra Pintada, in Roraima
From the first look, the impressive 35-meter high round rock leaves anyone astonished. But the cave is even more fascinating inside. There you can see rupestrian paintings, pieces of pottery, tools and other artifacts left thousands of years ago. The site is 140 km from Boa Vista and you can also visit a local reservation for native Brazilians, since the visits are organized by them.
7 - More findings
See more elements of the origins of the Brazilian people in the many national museums in the country and get ready for new discoveries in every visit.