"In that time there was a man there. He existed in that time. If he did exist, he doesn’t anymore. He existed, so he exists because we know that in that time there was a man, and he will exist while there is someone to tell his story.” The quotation from the Hungarian philosopher and sociologist Agnes Heller well describes the fundamental role of museums. The living history, art, culture, design. Travel through some of the most interesting museums in Brazil:
The Ricardo Brennand Institute, in Recife (PE)
The museum is in the downtown of Recife, the capital of Pernambuco, and counts on several permanent exhibitions, among them the collection that deals with “Dutch Brazil,” by Frans Post, first to paint the Brazilian landscapes. Another permanent exhibition depicts the "Brazilian Landscapes of the 19th Century" and features paintings by Debret and Rugendas.
Founded in 2002, the museum is in the Várzea neighborhood, in a huge and beautiful area, with an entrance full of imperial palms. There, you will find several impressive collections of firearms, armor, white guns, sculptures and pictures. The collection has more than three thousand pieces, divided by 1,200 m² of area.
Pinacoteca of the state of São Paulo, in the city of São Paulo (SP)
It is a museum of visual arts, with emphasis on Brazilian art, from the nineteenth century to the present day. The oldest museum in São Paulo, it was founded in 1905 and is located in the former Lyceum of Arts and Crafts.
The installation has more than 11 thousand pieces. The Pinacoteca began to form its collection from the transfer of 20 important works of artists working in the region, such as Antônio Parreiras, Oscar Pereira da Silva, Almeida Júnior and Pedro Alexandrino. The works were previously in the old State Museum, now the Paulista Museum of the University of São Paulo.
The Pinacoteca holds approximately 30 exhibitions and receives half a million visitors a year. The first floor of the Pinacoteca holds temporary exhibitions. On the second floor are the exhibitions with extended duration.
Imperial Museum, in Petrópolis (RJ)
The Museum operates in the former residence of D. Pedro II, the Imperial Palace, and tells the story of the imperial family and the period of the Empire in Brazil. The pieces emphasize socio-economic, political and cultural aspects of the nineteenth century in the country.
The property has 44 rooms, dining room upstairs, music room, throne room, imperial rooms, among others. It was built in neoclassical style and turned into a museum only in 1943. One of the most emblematic pieces of the collection is the Emperor's crown, which spent long periods there.
The Assis Chateaubriand Museum of Art in São Paulo (SP)
The famous Masp has a collection with more than eight thousand works of great national and international artists. There you will find pieces by Picasso, Di Cavalcanti, Almeida Júnior, Candido Portinari, Cèzanne, Renoir, Van Gogh, Chagall, Anita Malfatti, Matisse and others. The building was designed by Bo Bardi and is considered a work in itself.
It also offers a robust collection of Portuguese, Spanish and Flemish paintings, as well as works by important foreign artists such as Diego Rivera and Siqueiros. One of the biggest highlights is the bronze sculptures collection of Degas, with 73 works.
With a project authored by the famous Brazilian architect, the Museum has already held more than 300 national, itinerant and international exhibitions. It has a collection of more than nine thousand publications, as well as journals for research. The titles include books focus on the history of art, exhibition catalogs, videos of curators and artists and photographic archives.
The environment offers about 20 annual exhibitions, which receive more than 300 thousand visitors. With 12 rooms for exhibition, the Museum collection brings together about four thousand pieces, with works by artists such as Andy Warhol, Tarsila do Amaral, Helena Wong, John Turin, Miguel Bakun, Candido Portinari, Di Cavalcanti and many others, besides Oscar Niemeyer himself.